Do You Know Your ROW (Rights Of Way)? 1

Do You Know Your ROW (Rights Of Way)?

Let’s face it, if you are on this website then you like to use public Rights Of Way (ROW). There are all sorts of rights of way on an OS map, ranging from footpaths to Byways Open To All Traffic. Lets have a look at all the different types of rights of way and establish what rights we do or don’t have as the case may be!

Rights Of Way Legend

  • Footpath – The green dashed line (on OS Explorer Maps) or pink dashed line (on OS Landranger Maps) are footpaths with public right of way. These footpaths are legally protected routes open to the public. Local authorities keep and maintain the definitive map of Rights of Way. These are the legal documents for the status and alignment of Rights of Way. Local Authorities pass details of amendments to the definitive map to Ordnance Survey for inclusion in our maps. Footpaths may cross private land and in such cases the footpath must be kept to, the public only have the right to walk along the footpath. If a landowner wishes to divert a public right of way they must obtain a legal order from the local authorities to amend the definitive map. Footpaths are sign posted, usually with yellow or green arrows.
  • Bridleway – Bridleways are also legally protected routes that the public have access to either on foot or on horseback.
    Cyclists can use bridleways however according to the Countryside Act 1968 there is no legal obligation to facilitate the cyclists on the routes. If pushbike riders use bridleways they must give way to other users.
    Bridleway signs can be recognised by the blue arrow.
  • Byway open to all traffic – These are the Rights of Way that will be of interest to Greenlaners, these byways are open to all forms of traffic as the title suggests. Pedestrians, horse riders, cyclists and motorised vehicles can use these routes. If you use these routes in a 4×4 or on a motorbike, it is worth noting that normal highway laws apply, this means the vehicle must be taxed, have an MOT certificate and be roadworthy. Insurance and a driving license is also required to use these ROW. BOAT’s are usually marked with a red arrow.
  • Restricted byway – These byways have restrictions in place which prevent users from traveling along them in motorised vehicles. You can only use restricted byways on foot, horseback, bicycle or horse drawn carriage.
  • Other public access route – Whilst these routes are rights of way, the exact permissions of the routes need to be checked with the local highway authority prior to traveling on one of these routes.
  • Recreational route – These routes are created by Local Authorities, Government Agencies or volunteer organisations, Usually these routes follow existing rights of way which are waymarked by the organisation that created the route.
  • National Trail / Long distance route – As the title suggests, these are long distance routes.  Restrictions apply, some will only be open to walkers, others may also be open to cyclists and horse riders.
  • Permissive footpath – A footpath which crosses over private land and isn’t a right of way. Permission for access will have been granted by the landowner, they have the right to withdraw permission at any time. These paths are usually closed for one day per year, doing so protects the landowner against any future claims of continuous public right of way. The date of closure will be well signed in the area or access.
  • Permissive bridleway – Exactly the same rules apply as with the permissive footpath. These routes cross private land with permissive access granted by the landowner.
  • Traffic free cycle route – A designated traffic free cycle route, these are not part of the national cycle network.
  • National cycle network – A national, sign posted cycle routes that are either on road or traffic free.
  • Danger area – These routes usually cross areas such as a military firing range, always adhere to the warning signs around the area! It is advised to contact the Ministry of Defence when planning your trip to find out about any restrictions in the area.
  • Managed access – This could also be on a military firing range and again the warning notices around the area need be observed and adhered to at all times. Access is restricted and managed in this area and you can contact the Ministry of Defence ahead of your trip to find out about any restrictions.
  • Open access land (England & Wales) – These areas in England Wales is shaded in yellow on the map. This is open access land and within this area you are free to roam, this means you do not have to stick to footpaths and trails running across this land. Boundaries to open access land is a thicker tan coloured line.
  • Right to Roam (Scotland) – The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 gives the public the right to be on any land for recreational, educational and certain other purposes and to cross the land if exercised responsibly. In some circumstances it may be required that you get permission from the landowners, however you have the right to roam on foot, cycling or horse riding.  Dog walkers are permitted, however dogs must be kept under control at all times. Hunting, shooting, fishing or access to motorised vehicles is not permitted.

Whilst most of you are probably only interested in BOAT’s, it is useful to know your right’s of way. If you come across a blocked right of way or you are unsure about access, then your first port of call should be with the Rights of Way Officer with the local authority. They will hold the definitive list of the rights of way in that area and should be able to advise or help clear the route.

If you are looking to plan a ‘green laning’ day using ‘green roads’ or BOAT’s then check out our guide to planning a greenlaning route.

New to greenlaning? Check out or beginners guide to green laning



Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01 2

Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01

The temporary TRO that had been placed on U1056 at Nant y Moch, Ceredigion has now been lifted. The complete loop, highlighted, is is now open to all traffic again.

All repairs work is now complete.  Repairs were made to the road due to deterioration caused by water ingress over the last few wet winters. This byway has been subject to weather damage over the years, so please use this byway with care.

TrailWise UID: SN7186-01

Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01 3

Trailwise has been updated, massive thanks to GLASS.

Wetton Hill Byway Staffordshire Proposed TRO - Help Fight It! 4

Wetton Hill Byway Staffordshire Proposed TRO – Help Fight It!

Popular byway ‘Wetton Hill’ is under threat of permanent closure to all mechanical vehicles by the Peak District National Park Authority, help fight the full time TRO!

Wetton Hill is a popular 1.4 km route along the Manifold Valley. The route does suffer from waterlogging during the winter months, however it is sustainable during the drier conditions.

GLASS have picked up the gauntlet and are opposing a full time TRO being placed on the route as they believe given the sustainability, a full Traffic Regulation Order, which would be unjustified.

A GLASS representative said “We believe the evidence on this route does not justify a  be disproportionate and illogical. GLASS would – in view of the specific circumstances of this route – be prepared to support a proportionate seasonal TRO during the wettest months of each year.

If you enjoy greenlaning and do not agree with the lanes being closed where it is not warranted, please have your say by responding to the Consultation on a Proposed Traffic Regulation Order by Peak District National Park Authority: (Wetton Hills Prohibition of Mechanically Propelled Vehicles) Traffic Regulation Order 2018.

You can have your say using the online system by going to the comments submission form or you can write to Rights of Way at Aldern House, Baslow Road, Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1AE.

Representations must be received by 5pm on Thursday 6 April 2018.

If you are writing to us please ensure you include as part of your representation:-

  1. your full name and address;
  2. whether you are representing your personal views or the views of an organisation;
  3. whether your comments are in favour of the proposal, objecting to the proposal or are general comments. If your comments object to the proposal, please set out the grounds on which your objection is made.

We can not stress enough that you are posting a comment as an individual, and you are OBJECTING to the Authority’s proposals for a full time TRO.

Please encourage your local club members and greenlaners to do the same, lets not loose yet another sustainable lane.

Representations must be received by the Authority by 5pm on Thursday 6 April 2018.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 5

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way

How to plot a route for greenlaning? It’s the most frequently asked question by newbies when they first discover the joys of traversing BOAT’s (Byways Open To All Traffic).

Greenlaning has grown in popularity over the past few years, more and more people are taking up the activity but it’s getting a bad rep by the press. The reputation of greenlaning is being literally dragged through the mud by those that do not find the legal routes to drive, or mistreat them.
We believe that by educating people how to locate a legal byway and how to use them responsibly is the way forward, hopefully more people can enjoy the hobby without fear of being Off-Piste.

Greenlanes, Byways, Greenroads, whatever you wish to call them are having restrictions placed on them all the time, whether they be voluntary, temporary or permanently, so checking the legality of a lane is essential when plotting a route.

Finding a greenlane isn’t necessarily as easy as whipping out a Land Ranger OS map and looking for Public Byways, as the information on these maps can be out dated. Last week we checked out a byway on an OS map that has now been declassified to a footpath, so always check first. We recommend that you get access to Trailwise.

What Is Trailwise?

TrailWise brings together Rights of Way information in the United Kingdom to aid those carrying out research into old roads and highways. It is especially valuable for finding lost roads and un-recorded lanes. TrailWise also helps people find out where they can drive green lanes.
GLASS (Greenlaning Association) have created  TrailWise Rights of Way Catalogue. You can use for FREE, however if you subscribe to GLASS you get access to more features for an annual fee.
Trailwise enables users to search for greenlanes in any chosen location. Free users get a 3km search radius, whilst subscribed members get access to a much wider search range and additional features. Trailwise features a very handy “maps browser”, which searches a database of green lanes and places an overlay onto a map.

Support TrailWise

If you plan to use TrailWise extensively it’s well worth registering as a member of the Greenlaning Association (GLASS). Membership is open to anyone for an annual fee of £32.00. Your subscription not only gets you full access to Trailwise, the fees help GLASS fund the upkeep of byways, and fighting to keep them open.

As well as getting access to the mapping service you will also benefit from the following:

Membership Benefits

  • Regular digital bulletins
  • 2 magazines per year
  • Members website
  • Legal challenges to lane closures
  • TRAILWISE (National catalogue of rights of way)
  • Access to area reps for route planning and advice
  • Direct contact from area reps
  • Members web forum
  • LARA member – A voice at Government level
  • In depth knowledge

How To Use Trailwise:

Google search Trailwise or visit Trailwise here.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 6

Click on maps (or search)

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 7

Note: Having a Full membership gives you access to comments made by other members on a greenlanes, you will also be able to add your own comments for other people. The comments will give an indication of what a lane is like, maybe warn of potential obstacles, condition of the lane, suitability for certain vehicle types etc.

Select an area you wish to plot a route in, wherever you click will show a Grid Reference in the bottom left corner.
Once you’ve made your selection, you need to search for tracks in view and then confirm your search area.
Click the search ‘Search for tracks in view’ button.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 8

As you can see in the image above that search revealed nothing in that area, so I can click the search button again to search 3km around that area.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 9

Widening the search has revealed a lane. Remember this feature is only for registered members.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 10

Click on the lane and it will bring up information on the right hand panel, this shows traffic restrictions, a UID (UID = Unique IDentification number, a method of uniquely naming track sections within the system, calculated from the position of the track) and the name of the lane.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 11

Extending the search in the area has revealed lanes with dead ends, these are highlighted on the map with little dead end symbols.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 12

Above is a lane with comments to help give other users an idea of what the lane is like.

Alternatively you can text search lanes within a specific area and range.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 13

The text search feature enables you to search for lanes in a specific area, find tracks by name and find tracks with restrictions in place.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 14

Using the Trailwsie Exporter, you can plot a route and export it for use on Memory Maps or Anquet. To use this feature you must be have a current membership which grants you full access to all of Trailwise functions.
You can download the exporter by clicking the link below:

DOWNLOAD the latest version of Exporter (1.03) from

It is worth noting at this point that you can also get full access to Trailwise by joining other organisations which we have listed below.

Trail Riders Fellowship (TRF)
Countryside Access for the Less Mobile (CALM)

What is Greenlaning and How To Do It Safely and legally 15

What is Greenlaning and How To Do It Safely and legally

There are a set of guidelines which explain what greenlaning is and how to do it safely and legally. The Ministry of Defense (MOD) have released a set of guidelines to ensure 4×4 motorists drive responsibly on the UK’s largest military training area, Salisbury Plain. These guidelines can be applied to greenlaning in any areas, so they are worth a read:

When can I access Salisbury Plain training area (SPTA)
SPTA is an extensively used training area. Military training can limit public access and is scheduled throughout the year. For up to date access information contact 01980674763.

The timing and extent of live firing is available on the telephone or online (see useful info/contact numbers). Locally, red flags (day time) or lamps (night time) warn the public of areas in which live firing is in progress. Please read and abide by local site notices and directions.
The Salisbury Plain military lands byelaws were written in 1981; a period when greenlaning was in its infancy. Now a popular and more accessible recreational activity, the impact on both the military and public rights of way (PROW) network is increasing.
Although the MOD has made considerable investment into the road network on the Plain, just like PROW, some will be harder wearing than others.
Military roads are installed first and foremost to provide an essential network allowing the military to traverse the Plain.
We therefore urge greenlaners to approach the use of the Plain in a respectful and sustainable manner, following the good practice guidelines set out in this leaflet, to minimise their impacts. This will ensure SPTA can function as an important military training area whilst remaining an enjoyable location to experience greenlaning.
Useful info / contact numbers
Plain Watch
— To report suspicious or dangerous activity
please call 01980 674700
MOD Firing times
— 01980 674763
SPTA Head Quarters
— 01980 674679
SPTA Byelaws
SPTA Newsletter
Wiltshire PROW Map
Country Code
Green Lane Association (
Treadlightly (
Trail Riders Fellowship (
Wiltshire Council
Wiltshire & Swindon Countryside Access For Salisbury Plain Training Area (SPTA) is the largest military training area in the United Kingdom. At 94,000 acres it is the same size as the Isle of Wight and covers a ninth of the county of Wiltshire. SPTA has an extensive network of public highways and is nationally recognised for its greenlaning opportunities.

Where can you drive/ride?
Public Rights of Way (PROW) Motor vehicular use is limited to byways open to all traffic (BOAT), and unclassified and classified roads. Public footpaths, bridleways and restricted byways are not for use by motorised vehicles. A map of the Wiltshire PROW network can be found online
SPTA Byelaws allow you to drive / ride road legal vehicles on Ministry of Defence (MOD) roads made up for vehicular use where access is not excluded or restricted by sign, barrier or other means. MOD permissive roads can be and are closed at any time.
You must not leave PROW or MOD roads in your vehicle. Please be aware commercial events utilising MOD roads requires a licence obtainable from SPTA Headquarters.
Good Practice Guidelines
•Use only BOAT, unclassified and classified roads and permissive MOD roads.
•Give way to military vehicles and personnel. Comply with any directions given to you by military personnel / MOD staff and be prepared to take an alternative route if required.
•Give way to walkers, horse riders and cyclists and be prepared to stop your engine to let them pass.
•Ensure that you and your vehicle are fully road legal. Vehicular access on SPTA PROW and MOD roads is subject to the same regulations that apply to all public roads.
•Keep to the defined track. Areas of SPTA are used for live firing and to go beyond defined MOD roads or PROW could be extremely dangerous. If the route is not obvious contact Wiltshire Council.
•Travel at a quiet and unobtrusive pace. When travelling in groups keep to a small number: four cars or six bikes maximum.
Larger groups should split up and use alternative routes rather than using the same trails to avoid causing excessive damage.
•A speed limit of 30 mph is operated on MOD roads and it is strongly recommended that this is limited to 20 mph when travelling on PROW.
•Pay attention to “The Four Ws”: Weather – do not travel on PROW during or following periods of extreme wet weather as they risk being damaged beyond a point of natural recovery. Remember that not all routes are appropriate for vehicle use at all times.
Weight – Do not use PROW that may be seriously damaged by the wheel pressure of your vehicle.
Width – Do not use PROW that are too narrow for your vehicle. Avoid damage to trees, hedgerows and boundaries.
Winches – The use of winches on PROW or MOD roads is inappropriate and should not be required.
•Follow the Countryside Code.
•Remember that wildlife faces many threats and PROW can be valuable habitats. Take special care in spring and early summer.

Although this guide was written for the use of Salisbury plain, most of the rules apply to all greenlaning no matter the area.
Always make sure you check the legality of routes against a definitive map of the area, these can usually be found online with a quick Google search and inform you if the byway is closed.

Try to avoid going out laning by yourself unless you are 100% certain that you can manage the lane without putting yourself in danger of getting stuck.

Always let someone know where you are going. It pays to inform other people of your whereabouts just in case something should happen.

Plan your route in advance, making sure that all routes all legal byways open to all traffic BOAT’s and do not have any temporary restrictions in place.

Carry recovery equipment and tools, make sure you have a spare tire.

Common sense should prevail whilst pursuing an outdoor activity such as greenlaning. Keep in mind that you will come across people on horses, pushbikes, and walkers so keep your speed to a minimum to prevent accidents and damage to the byway surfaces.

North Yorkshire Deadmans Hill Voluntary Restraint 16

North Yorkshire Deadmans Hill Voluntary Restraint

A voluntary restraint agreement has been placed on Deadmans Hill. This requests motor vehicle users not to use the route unless they can stay on the correct line and leave minimal evidence of passage. LARA, the TRF and GLASS are aware that recent repairs did not have grips put in and subsequently during the wet weather water has got into sections which will remain wet and vulnerable for long periods. Inappropriate use will seriously damage the fragile moorland surface. Could we all avoid driving Deadmans Hill please! There is some water damage at the foot of the climb which is causing problems for motorists. GLASS claim to have a plan going forward, we will keep you updated.

Lake District 'Mountain Road' Byway Planned Maintenance 2018 17

Lake District ‘Mountain Road’ Byway Planned Maintenance 2018

A temporary closure (TRO) will be placed on the green lane known as ‘Mountain Road’ which is one of the Lake District’s most popular rights of way. The byway will be closed to all four-wheeled vehicles during the planed repairs which are expected to last for the next couple of months at least
The TRO affects the officially ‘nameless’ green road which runs from the A593 a few miles south of Skelwith Bridge to the village of Knipe Fold, just north of Hawkshead. It is expected to be restricted for around three weeks at some point before the end of March.

The right of way, famed for its breath-taking views of the mountainous woodland, is extremely popular with all kinds of users and has traditionally been one of the better-surfaced lanes in the area. Hard winters have created a number of awkward rocky sections, however, and the Lake District National Park Authority intends to resurface its southern end with stone pitching to remedy this.

The temporary closure will apply only to four-wheeled vehicles, as the LDNPA believes the route will remain passable to other users (including those on motorbikes) during the course of the works. The authority will make a six-month closure order to facilitate this, however it says this will only be enforced while the works are actually in place.

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour 18th-27th August 2018 18

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour 18th-27th August 2018

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour hosted by Land Rover Charity events and charity Mania 4×4 will take place from the 18th to the 27th of August 2018.

Meet at 10am leave at 11am
Everyone will be given a clue sheet for the route you choose Routes are A all road and B all road and some green lanes C easy green lanes with some roads D medium green lanes with some roads E harder green lanes with some roads, you will need to follow the directions to get the clues; collect words, numbers, symbols; all the while you can enjoy the scenery and explore the local community.

Start Haytor Top Car Park TQ13 9XT. Meet from 10am leave 11am End The Royal carvery Hotel you can purchase food here.

£5 per truck to take part – any Land Rover or 4×4 vehicles can take part as long as road legal. Our charities this year are Children’s Hospice South West; LARF CORNWALL and CORNWALL SEARCH & RESCUE

Itinerary – Cornwall 2018
A route plan will be available on arrival – sites are ‘wild camping’ – toilets and water will be available. A utility tent where you can freshen up will be provided – bring your own travel shower if required.

All arranged outings and meals are optional

Day 1 Saturday 18th August Meet and greet
Arrive at The Countryman Inn, Launceston PL15 8NL (nr North Petherwin) from 10am.
Live Band Saturday Night.

Day 2 Sunday 19th August
Function Room booked for Sunday lunchtime from midday – 2pm if you wish to join in for Carvery or Special Board available – (charge applies)

One of the local landowners will lead us out for a leisurely drive around the area to include a few green lanes – setting off approximately 4pm.

Day 3 Monday 20th August
Depart The Countryman Inn by 11am

Travel to site 2 nr Penzance TR19 6EJ. We will take in some of the coast road to explore the North Cornwall coastline. Alternatively you can drive directly to the site.

Day 4 Tuesday 21st August &
Day 5 Wednesday 22nd August

Days free to explore the area. Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 6 Thursday 23rd August
Depart by 11 am. Travelling to site 3 Pendoggett PL30 3HQ.

Day 7 Friday 24th August
Day free to explore the area.
Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 8 Saturday 25th August
Depart by 11 am. Travel to Pentille Castle PL12 6QD via Bodmin Moor.

Day 9 Sunday 26th August.
Day free to explore the area
Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 10 Monday 27th August.
Time to say farewell to your new friends or spend some time exploring either as groups or individually before heading off.

Tickets are now on sale at £60 for one Land Rover for all the tour or £20 per a day not per person please don’t forget before you purchase your ticket this is for wild camping every Land Rover will receive a plaque

For booking tickets or questions about the event please contact Neil or Claire here.

Fleet Mill Byway Devon TRO in Place Due to Subsidence 19

Fleet Mill Byway Devon TRO in Place Due to Subsidence

Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 – Section 14
Devon county council
Unmetalled unclassified road No 307, Berry Pomeroy)
Temporary prohibition of traffic order 2017

No four wheeled vehicular traffic shall proceed on the section of the affected highway except for access to land or premises on or adjacent to that length of highway.

Public Highway affected:

Unmetalled unclassified road No 307, Berry Pomeroy (Fleet Mill Lane), from its junction with Weston Lane, Bridgetown to its junction with minor road P1718 at Fleet Mill.

The alternative route for four wheeled vehicles is via Weston Lane A385, road C87 and minor road P1718, and vice versa.

All other users may continue to use the route.

The partial closure is necessary due to a narrowing of the route due to retaining bank subsidence above a steep, high drop stream.

Further information can be obtained by contacting Paul McFadden on 0345 155 1004.

TRO in place from Monday 4th December 2017 and ending Sunday 3rd June 2018.

Temporary TRO Placed On Ceredigion Byway U1056 20

Temporary TRO Placed On Ceredigion Byway U1056

GLASS Green Lane Association has advised that a temporary TRO has been placed on U1056 at Nant y Moch, Ceredigion. The complete loop, highlighted, is closed. Signage has been placed w/c 27 Nov 2017, with a view to a full survey and plan of works for the Spring. Apparently Highways have had numerous reports from users, owners and public and feel it’s in the best interests of all, and long term sustainability. Please re-route if you are planning to go up that way in the next few months.


Series 3 Land Rover Tips Over On Cornish Byway – No Mans Land Looe

Almost exactly two years ago we headed East for a days greenlaning with some friends from Tavistock area, one of the first lanes we did proved to be a bit slippery and John Barrasins Series 3 slipped down into a deep rut and tipped onto its side.
We had done this lane before a few times with no issues, but this time we would need winches and some teamwork to get moving again.
It took about 20 minutes to get the series back on all four wheels and it was only a matter of seconds before it had become cross axled and we were all at a stand still again. We managed to get the series 3 (Lamb) on the move again with the use of some waffle boards however this wasn’t the last thing to go wrong on this lane this day!

At the end of this deeply rutted byway is a large step where the edge of the main road has washed out. Chris Higman managed to break his transfer box and bust a front shock whilst trying to exit the green road which ended his day laning.

One of my favorite greenlanes and I cant wait to get out on it again, it is washed out, but the substrate underneath is hard resulting in some permanent deep ruts, it also gets very tight and scratchy during the summer when the Gorse bushes grow out. Steve Penfold has been up and down it in a standard Jeep Cherokee with no problems.

Treworga | UCR | greenlane | Byway | Cornwall

Unclassified country road in Treworga, Cornwall, deep water at one end, wouldn’t advise attempting on your own!

Freewater Byway Off A3078 Between Probus and Tregony Cornwall

Freewater Byway just off the A3078 between Probus and Tregony is a good greenlane with some deep ruts.
The lane has a stream crossing at one end, and some low hanging branches, will be a tight scratchy lane in the summer months.

Green Lane Nr Trewithian Cornwall – St Just In Roseland

Nice green lane near St Just in Roseland, trewithian, Cornwall driven by Nick Osborne in his Defender 90 16/02/2018. This lane has a little bit of everything, few rutted areas, some steps, a stream, nice solid lane and a good drive.

Laddock Byway Cornwall BOAT

Myself and Nick Osborne doing a BOAT (byway open to all traffic) at Laddock. Nice scratchy little lane in the summer months, usually find that there are trees down during the winter months that need chopping up and removing!
This lane could be done on road tires, good solid track for most of the lane.