byway open to all traffic

Newbies Guide To Greenlaning

You have just brought a 4×4 and you are looking to do your first greenlane, so what do you need to know? This comprehensive guide will answer most questions you may have about your first time out green laning.

A Green lane trip may seem like a daunting experience, nobody wants to actually damage their vehicle or get stuck, however out of all the off-roading you can do, typically green laning is the least damaging as long as you approach it sensibly!

Green laning is great fun, but it needs to be done safely and legally, that’s why we have made this guide for you. So get reading and digesting then get out there and explore all the trails you can in a safe and responsible way.

Q/ What are green lanes?
A/ Green lanes are usually un-surfaced lanes, tracks or trails that are open for motorised vehicles to use. These ancient lanes also known as Byways are often overgrown and network around the countryside which is where they gained the unofficial name of ‘Greenlanes’ or ‘Green Roads’. When plotting a route you are looking for Byways Open To All Traffic (BOAT’s) or Unclassified Country Roads (UCR).

Q/ Do I need Tax and MOT to drive a Green lane?
A/ Greenlanes are actually public highways and as such you need to abide by the same laws which are applicable to main roads, so you need tax, MOT and insurance as well as a current driving license. You vehicle must be road worthy when traveling on byways.

Q/ My vehicle is legal does this mean I can drive any green lane?
A/ Not all byways are open to motorised traffic, some of them may have had a Traffic Regulation Order on them (TRO). It is up to you to make sure that a greenlane is open to all traffic and does not have any restrictions in place. It is also worth checking that the lane is suitable for your vehicle.

Q/ How do I find green lanes?
A/ There are a few tried and tested methods to finding greenlanes which are listed below:

Join local clubs – Local information is often the best
Join Facebook groups or websites pertaining to Green laning – Often there are localised groups that are worth joining to organise trips or gain local knowledge on specific lanes.
Buy and OS map of the area you wish to go laning – OS maps can fast become outdated, always check with a definitive map or local council that the lanes do not have TRO’s.
Try Trailwise – Its free to use, however if you join GLASS, TRF or CALM you will have access to more features. For more information on using Trailwise and the memberships etc, check our guide on ‘Planning a route the easy way‘.

Q/ I have found some greenlanes, now what?
You have joined some groups, you have planned a route and checked they do not have any restrictions, now you need to make sure you and vehicle are prepared to go laning!

Basic Fundamentals:
Fully charged mobile phone / phone charger.
First Aid Kit
Suitable off road Jack such as a Hi-Lift Jack
Spare wheel and wheel brace
Food and drink
Basic Tool kit
Suitable clothing and footwear
Satnav and mapping applications, paper maps.

Make sure your vehicle is reliable and roadworthy.
Carry recovery gear such as strops, shackles, ropes and possibly some digging equipment such as a shovel.
Consider a winch, if you do not wish to spend out on a winch right away, a Hi Lift Jack or Tirfor would suffice for the interim. Long term a winch is a good investment.
Waffle boards or mats are useful in the event you lose traction.

Vehicle Accessories:

Not essential, but would certainly help on some of the more challenging lanes.

Diff guards
Rock sliders
Axle Breathers
CB radio

Q/ Got all that now what?
A/ Never go out alone, but you are now ready to go out there and have some fun! Just remember the following:

Remember it is a public high way and a shared route, so respect others and give way to pedestrians and horse riders.
Make sure you check that the green lane is open for you to use
Stay on the track… Do not go off-piste!!
Keep to a nice slow speed.
A maximum of 5 -7 vehicles in recommend in convoy, if there are trucks split up into groups to keep numbers down.
Respect the the countryside, if the weather has been bad for long periods, avoid lanes that suffer from water damage.
Always ensure some one knows where you are, having said that you should never go laning alone.
Carry all the listed gear and more. Be prepared!
Avoid driving extremely damaged green lanes, we do not want more lanes being closed for good.

Last but not least, go out there and have fun!

What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 1

What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads?

Greenlaning or green laning is an outdoor pursuit of driving along the network of public byways that run the length and breadth of the country.  The greenlanes are typically unsurfaced and only suitable for “off-road” vehicles. The byways are often overgrown which is why they are known as “Green lanes”. Green lane or green road is not a legal term, under the Countryside and Public Rights of Way Act 2000 there are four categories of Public Rights of Way in the UK. Not all are open to motorised vehicles so it’s worth checking the legality of the lanes before driving them.

What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 2

Public Rights of way types:

Footpath: Pedestrian use only What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 3

Bridleway: Pedestrians, horse traffic and cyclists What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 3What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 5What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 6What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 7 What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 8

Byway Open to All Traffic (BOAT): Open to all types of traffic usually only suitable for 4×4 vehicle, ‘off-road’ bikes, pedestrians, horses and cyclists. What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 3What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 5What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 6What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 7What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 8What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 14What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 15

Restricted Byway (RB): Allows horses, pedestrians, horse drawn carriages, no mechanical vehicles.  What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 3What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 5What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 6What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 7What Is Green Laning | Greenlaning | Green Roads? 8

The byways each have their own unique symbols on Ordnance Survey (OS) maps of England and Wales but not of Scotland. The symbols can be found on the maps key:

Footpath: ……………

Bridleway: ———–

Byway Open to All Traffic: +++++++ 

Who can legally use Greenlanes / Green Roads / Green Lanes / Byways

In short, byways are highways and publicly owned and therefore they are open to use by the general public. As these green lanes are public highways the same laws regarding the use of vehicles on the road are applicable to these routes. That means that drivers must posses a current driving license, vehicles must have MOT, tax and insurance.

Rights of way on Greenlanes / Green Roads / Green Lanes / Byways

There is no legal rights of way, the common etiquette is that motorised vehicles give way to cyclists, horses and pedestrians. As greenlanes are shared routes a common sense approach should be taken by all users to ensure that everybody is safe whilst using the lanes.

How can I find Greenlanes / Green Roads / Green Lanes / Byways

There are a few ways of going about finding greenlanes. The first thing you should do is get an OS map which covers the area you want to go laning in. Just remember an OS map isn’t foolproof, it may be outdated.

Join a Group: Such as GLASS (Green Lane Association), TRF or CALM. Joining one of these groups will get you access to Trailwise, you can find out how to use Trailwise in our tutorial.

Find Local Groups: There are usually local greenlaning groups on Facebook, this is probably the easiest way to get introduced to the local lanes in your area. You can use Viewranger or other mapping applications to record your route for reference at a later date.

Use Trailwise: Trailwise is accessible for free, although the features are more restricted, it is certainly worth becoming a paid up member of one of the groups above for full access. TrailWise brings together Rights of Way information in the United Kingdom to aid those carrying out research into old roads and highways. It is especially valuable for finding lost roads and un-recorded lanes. TrailWise also helps people find out where they can drive green lanes. Free users get a 3km search radius, whilst subscribed members get access to a much wider search range and additional features. Trailwise features a very handy “maps browser”, which searches a database of green lanes and places an overlay onto a map.

Plan a route: Plan a route in advance, cross reference your route against the local definitive maps which can be found online. Also visit the lanes to check for any prohibition notices.
Greenlanes vary in length and also difficulty. Most lanes are quite short, when planning your route try and link as many together as you can in the area. Make sure the lanes are suitable for your vehicle, some can be low and unsuitable for taller vehicles, whilst others may be narrow and unsuitable for wider vehicles.

Be Prepared: Make sure you carry suitable recovery gear, strops, D-shackles, Hi Lift Jack etc. Never go laning on your own, the last thing you want is to run into trouble and get stranded in the middle of nowhere.

Useful Links for Green Laning

Throughout this article we have briefly touched upon certain organisations or mapping software, you can find out more about each of them by following the links below. Please feel free to ask any questions in the comments, we will be only to happy to help.

Ordnance Survey

Green Lane Association

The Trail Riders Fellowship




Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01 21

Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01

The temporary TRO that had been placed on U1056 at Nant y Moch, Ceredigion has now been lifted. The complete loop, highlighted, is is now open to all traffic again.

All repairs work is now complete.  Repairs were made to the road due to deterioration caused by water ingress over the last few wet winters. This byway has been subject to weather damage over the years, so please use this byway with care.

TrailWise UID: SN7186-01

Nant y Moch, Ceredigion Temporary TRO Lifted SN7186-01 22

Trailwise has been updated, massive thanks to GLASS.

Wetton Hill Byway Staffordshire Proposed TRO - Help Fight It! 23

Wetton Hill Byway Staffordshire Proposed TRO – Help Fight It!

Popular byway ‘Wetton Hill’ is under threat of permanent closure to all mechanical vehicles by the Peak District National Park Authority, help fight the full time TRO!

Wetton Hill is a popular 1.4 km route along the Manifold Valley. The route does suffer from waterlogging during the winter months, however it is sustainable during the drier conditions.

GLASS have picked up the gauntlet and are opposing a full time TRO being placed on the route as they believe given the sustainability, a full Traffic Regulation Order, which would be unjustified.

A GLASS representative said “We believe the evidence on this route does not justify a  be disproportionate and illogical. GLASS would – in view of the specific circumstances of this route – be prepared to support a proportionate seasonal TRO during the wettest months of each year.

If you enjoy greenlaning and do not agree with the lanes being closed where it is not warranted, please have your say by responding to the Consultation on a Proposed Traffic Regulation Order by Peak District National Park Authority: (Wetton Hills Prohibition of Mechanically Propelled Vehicles) Traffic Regulation Order 2018.

You can have your say using the online system by going to the comments submission form or you can write to Rights of Way at Aldern House, Baslow Road, Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1AE.

Representations must be received by 5pm on Thursday 6 April 2018.

If you are writing to us please ensure you include as part of your representation:-

  1. your full name and address;
  2. whether you are representing your personal views or the views of an organisation;
  3. whether your comments are in favour of the proposal, objecting to the proposal or are general comments. If your comments object to the proposal, please set out the grounds on which your objection is made.

We can not stress enough that you are posting a comment as an individual, and you are OBJECTING to the Authority’s proposals for a full time TRO.

Please encourage your local club members and greenlaners to do the same, lets not loose yet another sustainable lane.

Representations must be received by the Authority by 5pm on Thursday 6 April 2018.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 24

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way

How to plot a route for greenlaning? It’s the most frequently asked question by newbies when they first discover the joys of traversing BOAT’s (Byways Open To All Traffic).

Greenlaning has grown in popularity over the past few years, more and more people are taking up the activity but it’s getting a bad rep by the press. The reputation of greenlaning is being literally dragged through the mud by those that do not find the legal routes to drive, or mistreat them.
We believe that by educating people how to locate a legal byway and how to use them responsibly is the way forward, hopefully more people can enjoy the hobby without fear of being Off-Piste.

Greenlanes, Byways, Greenroads, whatever you wish to call them are having restrictions placed on them all the time, whether they be voluntary, temporary or permanently, so checking the legality of a lane is essential when plotting a route.

Finding a greenlane isn’t necessarily as easy as whipping out a Land Ranger OS map and looking for Public Byways, as the information on these maps can be out dated. Last week we checked out a byway on an OS map that has now been declassified to a footpath, so always check first. We recommend that you get access to Trailwise.

What Is Trailwise?

TrailWise brings together Rights of Way information in the United Kingdom to aid those carrying out research into old roads and highways. It is especially valuable for finding lost roads and un-recorded lanes. TrailWise also helps people find out where they can drive green lanes.
GLASS (Greenlaning Association) have created  TrailWise Rights of Way Catalogue. You can use for FREE, however if you subscribe to GLASS you get access to more features for an annual fee.
Trailwise enables users to search for greenlanes in any chosen location. Free users get a 3km search radius, whilst subscribed members get access to a much wider search range and additional features. Trailwise features a very handy “maps browser”, which searches a database of green lanes and places an overlay onto a map.

Support TrailWise

If you plan to use TrailWise extensively it’s well worth registering as a member of the Greenlaning Association (GLASS). Membership is open to anyone for an annual fee of £32.00. Your subscription not only gets you full access to Trailwise, the fees help GLASS fund the upkeep of byways, and fighting to keep them open.

As well as getting access to the mapping service you will also benefit from the following:

Membership Benefits

  • Regular digital bulletins
  • 2 magazines per year
  • Members website
  • Legal challenges to lane closures
  • TRAILWISE (National catalogue of rights of way)
  • Access to area reps for route planning and advice
  • Direct contact from area reps
  • Members web forum
  • LARA member – A voice at Government level
  • In depth knowledge

How To Use Trailwise:

Google search Trailwise or visit Trailwise here.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 25

Click on maps (or search)

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 26

Note: Having a Full membership gives you access to comments made by other members on a greenlanes, you will also be able to add your own comments for other people. The comments will give an indication of what a lane is like, maybe warn of potential obstacles, condition of the lane, suitability for certain vehicle types etc.

Select an area you wish to plot a route in, wherever you click will show a Grid Reference in the bottom left corner.
Once you’ve made your selection, you need to search for tracks in view and then confirm your search area.
Click the search ‘Search for tracks in view’ button.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 27

As you can see in the image above that search revealed nothing in that area, so I can click the search button again to search 3km around that area.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 28

Widening the search has revealed a lane. Remember this feature is only for registered members.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 29

Click on the lane and it will bring up information on the right hand panel, this shows traffic restrictions, a UID (UID = Unique IDentification number, a method of uniquely naming track sections within the system, calculated from the position of the track) and the name of the lane.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 30

Extending the search in the area has revealed lanes with dead ends, these are highlighted on the map with little dead end symbols.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 31

Above is a lane with comments to help give other users an idea of what the lane is like.

Alternatively you can text search lanes within a specific area and range.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 32

The text search feature enables you to search for lanes in a specific area, find tracks by name and find tracks with restrictions in place.

How To Plot A Route For Greenlaning The Easy Way 33

Using the Trailwsie Exporter, you can plot a route and export it for use on Memory Maps or Anquet. To use this feature you must be have a current membership which grants you full access to all of Trailwise functions.
You can download the exporter by clicking the link below:

DOWNLOAD the latest version of Exporter (1.03) from

It is worth noting at this point that you can also get full access to Trailwise by joining other organisations which we have listed below.

Trail Riders Fellowship (TRF)
Countryside Access for the Less Mobile (CALM)

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour 18th-27th August 2018 34

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour 18th-27th August 2018

Cornwall Charity Land Rover Tour hosted by Land Rover Charity events and charity Mania 4×4 will take place from the 18th to the 27th of August 2018.

Meet at 10am leave at 11am
Everyone will be given a clue sheet for the route you choose Routes are A all road and B all road and some green lanes C easy green lanes with some roads D medium green lanes with some roads E harder green lanes with some roads, you will need to follow the directions to get the clues; collect words, numbers, symbols; all the while you can enjoy the scenery and explore the local community.

Start Haytor Top Car Park TQ13 9XT. Meet from 10am leave 11am End The Royal carvery Hotel you can purchase food here.

£5 per truck to take part – any Land Rover or 4×4 vehicles can take part as long as road legal. Our charities this year are Children’s Hospice South West; LARF CORNWALL and CORNWALL SEARCH & RESCUE

Itinerary – Cornwall 2018
A route plan will be available on arrival – sites are ‘wild camping’ – toilets and water will be available. A utility tent where you can freshen up will be provided – bring your own travel shower if required.

All arranged outings and meals are optional

Day 1 Saturday 18th August Meet and greet
Arrive at The Countryman Inn, Launceston PL15 8NL (nr North Petherwin) from 10am.
Live Band Saturday Night.

Day 2 Sunday 19th August
Function Room booked for Sunday lunchtime from midday – 2pm if you wish to join in for Carvery or Special Board available – (charge applies)

One of the local landowners will lead us out for a leisurely drive around the area to include a few green lanes – setting off approximately 4pm.

Day 3 Monday 20th August
Depart The Countryman Inn by 11am

Travel to site 2 nr Penzance TR19 6EJ. We will take in some of the coast road to explore the North Cornwall coastline. Alternatively you can drive directly to the site.

Day 4 Tuesday 21st August &
Day 5 Wednesday 22nd August

Days free to explore the area. Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 6 Thursday 23rd August
Depart by 11 am. Travelling to site 3 Pendoggett PL30 3HQ.

Day 7 Friday 24th August
Day free to explore the area.
Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 8 Saturday 25th August
Depart by 11 am. Travel to Pentille Castle PL12 6QD via Bodmin Moor.

Day 9 Sunday 26th August.
Day free to explore the area
Ideas for days out will be included in your pack.

Day 10 Monday 27th August.
Time to say farewell to your new friends or spend some time exploring either as groups or individually before heading off.

Tickets are now on sale at £60 for one Land Rover for all the tour or £20 per a day not per person please don’t forget before you purchase your ticket this is for wild camping every Land Rover will receive a plaque

For booking tickets or questions about the event please contact Neil or Claire here.

Cornwall Land Rover Tour Charity Event 2018 Tickets Available Now! 35

Cornwall Land Rover Tour Charity Event 2018 Tickets Available Now!

Cornwall Land Rover Tour Charity Event 2018 Tickets Available Now Along With Dates And Details.

Neil Bradford and Claire Bryant are well known for their charity work within the Land Rover community and welcome members new and old to come join the Land Rover Cornwall Tour.
The event will take place in several locations throughout Cornwall over the course of Ten days with the aim of raising money for three Cornish charities – LARF, Cornwall search and rescue and Children’s Hospice SW Little Harbour.

Cornwall Land Rover Tour Dates:

The Cornwall tour runs from the 18th through to the 27th of August 2018 and starts in Launceston and finishes at Pentille Castle with other stops in between, the actual locations are as follows:

Cornwall Land Rover Tour Sites:

First stop: The Countryman Launceston for 2 nights.
Second Stop: Penzance near TR19 6EJ for 3 nights.
Third Stop: Pendoggett PL303HQ for 2 nights
Final Stop: Pentille Castle PL12 6QD for 2 nights.

Claire and Neil are currently organising optional days out in each of the four areas which you will be welcome to join in with; alternatively you are more than welcome to follow your own ideas and go on your own adventure – you are under no obligation to join in with the arranged outings but they are guaranteed to be fun. Details on the extra activities will follow soon and will be posted on the Charity events facebook page.

Ticket Information

Tickets £60 for the whole trip or £20 per day. Contact Claire Bryant for BACS payment details (Charity bank account) we will be posting a lot more about this on the group page.

Other Charity Events:

Things we will be doing from now until November 2018 on this group tag and plays treasure hunts mystery tours and invitation for shows and fetes and the big one Cornwall Land Rover tour 2018

Sunday February the 25th Land Rover 4×4 vehicles quest and green lane day invites have been sent out great day out for everyone

Pentillie Land Rover defender day on the 8th April we will be there showing our Land Rovers like we did last year

Land Rover Devon border reunion on the 4th to 7th of May at Haynes park parkham NR clovelly all will receive an invitation turn up on the Friday or Saturday after 12 on the Friday anytime on the Saturday will post more information soon

Tag and play on on Saturday 26 May and Sunday 27 May two day event pay and play Saturday tag and play Sunday it’s the bank holiday weekend we will have free camping it’s where we had our last stop on the Devon tour at northhill 4×4 everyone will receive an invitation to this one

Sunday June the 17th treasure hunt and green lane day

We have been asked by Sara Cartwright from the Ashcombe fete committee to come along again this year to show our Land Rovers on the 29th July all welcome

Shows and fetes in July and August dates to be confirmed

Cornwall Land Rover tour from 18th to 27th August tickets are on sale more information to follow on group page

Discovery birthday weekend 20th 21st October 2018 all LRs welcome to join in more information to follow

Tag and play Cornwall end of October

25th November 2018 Land Rover all 4×4 mastery tour and green lane day roast dinner fancy dress everyone will have a route plan for this one this time like we normally have invites will be sent out more information to come

Other things will be added as and when invited Cornwall tour tickets are now on sale please contact Claire Bryant we would like to update you all on the sites we will be using so you know what areas we will be staying in.

public byway sign

Campaigners demand Public rights of way be better signposted

Campaigners are demanding public rights of way be better signposted  so everyone can enjoy the countryside without fear of going off-piste!

The Countryside Act was passed in 1968, it requires local authorities signposts a public path, byway, or bridleway where it leaves a road. However as many of us know 50 years on and this is not the case for a large amount of routes.

Open Spaces Society’s state that signposts are important because they give people the confidence to use and enjoy public paths, which are public rights of way and highways in law. We are right there with you Opens Spaces society, we also feel that if public rights of way were clearly marked, not only could more people enjoy the countryside, but there would be less ‘Off-piste’ activity.

“Without a signpost, a path can be a well-kept secret.

“That is why we pressed for the inclusion of the signposting duty in the Countryside Act and why we are dismayed to find that there are still many missing signposts.”

The society and the Ramblers were responsible for winning the signposting provision which was enshrined in section 27 of the Countryside Act 1968.

This states that a highway authority must erect and maintain a signpost where a public path leaves a metalled road.

The signpost must show the status of the path, eg whether it is a footpath, a bridleway or a byway. If the authority considers it convenient and appropriate, the destination of the path and distance to that destination may also be given.

Mr Holmes added: “Most paths in Dorset are well signed where they leave public roads, but it is important that the county council ensures that every path is well signed. I know of paths that are rarely used because of the absence of signage.

“In this fiftieth anniversary year of the Countryside Act 1968 which gave highway authorities a duty to signpost paths, we want to see Dorset and other councils make a real effort to ensure all their paths are marked.”